A vuvuzela is a horn, about a meter long, usually made of a colorful cheap plastic. When it's blown by
thousands of supporte at the same time, it's loud, very loud.It sounds a bit like an air horn and you can
hear it a lot during the 2010 World Cup.
The vuvuzela was originally made from a kudu horn and was traditionally used to summon people to
gatherings.Butthe horn you see at soccer matches in South Africa today originated from a tin horn that
became popular with South African soccer fa around 15 yea ago.A sports company began to
massproduce a plastic veion in the South Africa colo, and this is what you see (and hear) at every
soccer match.Now it's become an official symbol of the 2010 World Cup in South Africa and more
popular around the world.
The vuvuzela will be ubiquitous during the 2010 World Cup.There was a call for FIFA to ban the
vuvuzela during the Confederatio Cup that took place in South Africa in June 2009.European
journalists got into a tizzy(紧张) about the noise.The Guardian reported:"It sounds like extremely
terrible."But FIFA stood its ground, as Mr.Blatter, FIFA's president says"Vuvuzelas, drums and singing
are part of African football culture.It is part of their celebration, it is part of their culture, so let them blow
Adam Carnegie, a graphic artist from Cape Town, founded the Kelp Environmental Learning Project.
The project employs local men and women to collect kelp, dry it and then hand paint colorful desig on
it.The mission is simple."We want to create jobs, make a noise, make people laugh, remind people to be
in the moment."
Like most trumpets, getting any noise from a vuvuzela requires significant puing of the lips and the ability to blow with force.Your cheeks will be zinging afterward.You can peonalize your vuvu blowing techniques with a lot of practice, but generally it produces one big sound.
1.Which of the following sentences can be used to fill in the blank in the fit paragraph?
A. It was chosen by FIFA as the unique musical itrument.
B. It has been used at soccer matches for thousands of yea.
C .It is the choice of noisemaker for South African football fa.
D. It is a traditional itrument South African soccer fa use to celebrate victory.
2.The vuvuzela ___ .
A.is usually made of metal
B.has a length of two and a half feet
C.was fit used in a local sports game
D.is one of the official symbols of the 2010 World Cup
3.The underlined word "ubiquitous" in the 3rd paragraph probably mea" ".
B. heard everywhere
C. extremely expeive
D. strictly limited
4.Why did FIFA stand its ground on the issue of the vuvuzela?
A. Because the vuvuzela is typical of African football culture.
B. Because it is the host country's right to make their choice.
C. Because the vuvuzela will make the 2010 World Cup special.
D. Because more member countries support the use of the vuvuzela.
5.What can we learn from the passage?
A. It requires effort to get noise from vuvuzela.
B. Vuvuzela will be banned after the 2010 World Cup because it is too noisy.
C. The Kelp Environmental Learning Project employs many people to sell vuvuzela.
D. Vuvuzela is too noisy for both the playe and the audience.
Among the most popular books being written today are those which are usually classified as science
fiction. Hundreds of titles are published every year and are read by all kinds of people. Furthermore,
some of the most successful films in recent yea have been based on science fiction stories.
It is often thought that science fiction is a fairly new development in literature, but it can be found in
books written hundreds of yea ago. These books were often concerned with the presentation of some
form of ideal society, a theme which is still often found in modern stories.
Most of the classics of science fiction, however, have been written within the last one hundred yea.
Books by write such as Jules Verne and H. Wells, to mention just two well-known autho, have been
tralated into many languages. Modern science fiction write don't write about men from Ma or space
adventure stories. They are more interested in predicting the results of technical developments on society
and the human mind or in imagining future world which results the world we live in now. Because of this
their writing has obvious political undertones.
In an age where science fact frequently overtakes science fiction, the write may find it difficult to keep ahead of scientific advances.Those who see the future clearly can teach us how to master new technology
and live in a rapidly changing world.
1. You can find science fiction ______.
A. only in modern literature
B. only in books written for children
C. in books written today and hundreds of yea ago
D. as a new development in literature
2. Modern science fiction write are interested in ______.
A. writing about men from Ma
B. writing about everything but politics
C. imagining future world with the results of technical developments
D. writing space adventure stories
3. It can be concluded that modern science fiction____________.
A. reflects social political reform
B. shows the writer's viewpoints
C. is not as good as that in the past
D. is better than other literary forms
4. Science fiction write may provide a valuable lesson on how to deal with the problems of ______.
A. conflict used by different political theories
B. adopting new technology and adapting quickly to its effect on society
C. conflict caused by different religious beliefs
D. space adventure
5. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
A. Science fiction often overtakes science fact.
B. Write may find it hard to keep ahead of scientific advances.
C. Some of the most successful films of recent yea have been based on science fiction stories.
D. Those write who can see clearly the way we are going will give us valuable itructio.
Scott works very long hou. He usually gets up at 17: 00. He has a shower and makes his
breakfast. What a funny time to make breakfast! After breakfast he practices his guitar, then he puts
n his jacket and goes to work. To get t
o work, he takes the number 17 bus to the Santon Hotel.
The bus usually leaves at 19: 15, He works all night. People love to listen to him! He gets home at
7:00, and he watches the early morning news on TV. He goes to bed at 8:30, a tired but happy man,
Can you think what his job is?
1. How long does Scott work?
A. 7 hou.
B. 8 hou.
C. About 9 hou.
D. All night.
2. He _______ and makes his breakfast.
A. gets up
B. takes a shower
D. washes his face
3. What does Scott do after breakfast?
A. He goes to work.
B. He puts on his clothes.
C. He practices his guitar, then puts on his jacket and goes to work.
D. He practices his guitar.
4. Maybe (可能) he is _______.
A. a worker
B. a singer
C. a writer
D. a teacher
5. How does he go to work?
A. By car.
B. By bike.
C. On foot.
D. By bus
Juanito Estrella has been a housekeeping manager on the US-based large passenger ship Carnival Spirit for
18 months and feels he has found the suitable position in his career (职业). He has always wanted to travel.
"I guess I am a really restless spirit. I like traveling, so when the chance came, I jumped at it," he says.
The chance came in the form of a newspaper advertisement for work on cruise ships (游船). At the time
Estrella was the housekeeping manager at a Melbourne hotel. He applied and, after two interviews, a medical
check and police clearance, the job was his.
Estrella is respoible (负责的) for the cleanliness of the ship, making sure that 160 crew work properly.
"I enjoy it because there is no other work-you wake up each day in a different place and a different culture.
It's exciting when you go to the next country and you don't undetand the language," he says.
Estrella likes being busy and getting to know people from all over the world. The 1,000 crew come from
94 countries, and Estrella has learnt Spanish and a little Croatian.
But there is a dowide. "You cannot get really drunk...because you have safety respoibilities to youelf
and othe," he says. "You don't really think about home. You start to think about home only when you get
closer to your vacation and wonder what you'll be doing."
Life on the ship is anything but cruising. Estrella and his fellows work at least 10 hou a day, seven days
a week. He war the job is not for everybody. "You have to love being busy and be prepared to work every
day-and to give up drinking too much alcohol." In his spare time, if the ship sails into a port, Estrella explores
it, otherwise he works out in the crew's gym, goes on the internet or calls home.
1. What do we know about Estrella?
A. He is very fond of traveling.
B. He doesn't drink wine now.
C. He cannot speak a foreign language.
D. He used to be a housekeeping manager.
2. The underlined word "dowide" in paragraph 5 probably mea _____.
3. Which of the following is true?
A. Estrella doesn't often feel homesick because of his work.
B. The work on the ship is not suitable for a married peon.
C. Estrella can find no other job except the one on the ship.
D. The people on the ship are from 94 countries.
4. In the last paragraph, the writer thinks that life on the ship is _____.
A. not a tiring journey at all
B. just an interesting voyage
C. far from a voyage for pleasure
D. more than a pleasant travel by sea
Every year people celebrate the Spring Festival in China. Usually it is in January or February. It is the
most important festival in China. So before it comes, everyone buys many things, and they often make a
special kind of food called dumplings. It mea "come together". Parents always buy new clothes for their
children and children also buy presents for their parents. On the Spring Festival Eve, all the family membe
come back home. They sing, dance and play cards. When they enjoy the meal, they give each other best
wishes for the coming year. They all have a good time.
1. Which is the most important festival in China?
A. The Mid-autumn day.
B. Chinese new year
C. Children's day.
D. May day.
2. The Chinese usually have their spring Festival in _______.
A. February or March
B. January of February
C. September or October
D. December or January
3. What's the special kind of food for the Spring Festival in China?
4. The special kind of food for the Spring Festival mea _______.
A. be nice
B. be hungry
C. come back
D. come together
5. When Chinese people are having dinner on the Spring Festival Eve, they_______.
A. sing, dance and play cards
B. buy each other presents
C. never drink
D. never play games
Long before they can talk children often use body language to show us how they are feeling. If they hang
around their mothe quietly, it is easy to tell that they are nervous. Mothe also know that they can calm the
child with a touch on the cheek or a gentle word.
It seems that we come into the world with a set of gestures already programmed into us. Everybody,
regardless of country, race or religion, can look surprised, smile or cry. It also seems that we can recognize
our mothe' voice even before we are born. Even a newborn baby will look in the direction of its mother's
voice when she is not in sight. Feeding time also mea a time when babies and mothe can get closer. The
baby can watch the mother's face at the same time.
Babies are also excellent observe of facial (of the face) expressio and learn from mothe' reaction
whether something is to be feared or not. This is often why fit babies are more timid (胆小的) and less
relaxed than their later brothe and siste. The mother is obviously more worried with her fit baby but by
the time the second arrives she will have gained confidence.
Babies never want to be left out of any activity. Even small babies will cry until they can see what is going
on around them. Babies learn to communicate quite early with gestures. They point to things and get rewarded
when those things are given to them. They laugh during a game and are rewarded when the game is continued.
They smile at strange and are rewarded by being picked up and held in their arms. So learning the body
language of the children is as important and rewarding as studying that of another culture.
1. According to the passage, what will babies most probably do if they feel nervous?
A. Cry as loudly as they can.
B. Get near to their mothe silently.
C. Close their eyes and shake their head.
D. Point to things they are afraid of.
2. A baby is born to know the mother's _____ according to Paragraph 2.
3. We can infer from Paragraph 3 that _____.
A. Babies know which things are frightening
B. Babies undetand what their mothe are thinking about
C. Babies will be more timid if their mothe are confident
D. Babies are easily influenced by their mothe
4. Newborn babies communicate with their parents mainly by _____.
A. body language
B. facial expressio
C. touching on the cheek
D. making noise
Usually, when your teacher asks a question, there is only one correct awer. But there is one question that has millio of current awe. That question is "What's your name?" Everyone gives a different awer, but everyone is correct.
Have you ever wondered about people's names? Where do they come from? What do they
People's fit names, or given names, are chosen by their parents. Sometimes the name of a grandparent or other member of the family is used. Some parents choose the name of a well-known peon. A boy could be named George Washington Smith; a girl could be named Helen Keller Jones.
Some people give their children names that mean good things. Clara mea "bright"; Beatrice mea "one who gives happiness"; Donald mea "world ruler"; Leonard mea "as brave as a lion".
The earliest last names, or surnames, were taken from place names. A family with the name Brook or Brooks probably lived near brook (СϪ); someone who was called Longstreet probably lived on a long, paved road. The Greenwood family lived in or near a leafy forest.
Other early surnames came from people's occupatio. The most common occupational name is Smith, which mea a peon who makes things with iron or other metals. In the past, smiths were very important worke in every town and village. Some other occupational names are: Carter - a peon who owned or drove a cart（手推车）； Potter -a peon who made pots and pa.
The ancesto (祖先) of the Baker family probably baked bread for their neighbo in their native village. The Carpenter's great-great-great-grandfather probably built houses and furniture.
Sometimes people were known for the color of their hair or skin, or their size, or their special abilities. When there were two men who were named John in the same village, the John with the gray hair probably became John Gray. Or the John was very tall could call himself John
Tallman. John Fish was probably an excellent swimmer and John Lightfoot was probably a fast
runner or a good dancer.
Some family names were made by adding something to the father's name. English-speaking people added -s or -son. The Joho are descendants
of John; the Roberts family's ancestor was Robert. Irish and Scottish people added Mac or Mc or O. Perhaps all of the MacDonnells and the McDonnells and the O'Donnells are descendants of the same Donnell.
小题1:Which of the following aspects（方面）do the surnames in the passage NOT cover?
|A．Places where people lived.|
|C．Talents that people had.|
小题2: According to the passage, the ancestors of the Potter family most probably _______.
|A．owned or drove a cart|
|B．made things with metals|
|C．made kitchen tools or contains|
|D．built houses and furniture|
小题3:If an English couple whose ancestors lived near a leafy forest wanted their new-born son to become a world leader, the baby might be named _______.
小题4: The underlined word "descendants" in the last paragraph means a person's _______.
— What do you usually do on your ________?
— I usually play games and type my homework.
1. Which of the following music does the man like best? （ ）
A. Classical music.
B. Rock music.
2. What does the man advise the woman to do? （ ）A. Come to his house this weekend.
B. Hold a party in her house.
C. Take the violin coue with him.
When you are travelling, whether on business or for pleasure, you often need to stay in a hotel. The kind
of hotel you choose probably is decided above all according to how much money you want to spend. There
are small hotels with very few services, where the prices are low, or there are large hotels with all the very
latest comforts, where you could spend all the money you have in the bank for one very comfortable night.
There are several different kinds of people who go to hotels. Some want to live, rather than just stay, in
a hotel; the hotels which are designed to meet their needs are called residential hotels. How- ever, most people
who stay in hotels are either business people or tourists on holiday.
In most hotels, there are two kinds of rooms: single rooms, for the use of one peon, and double rooms,
for the use of two people. In addition, in large hotels, there are also suites (套房),which include two or more
rooms connected together-perhaps a bedroom and a living room. They are for people who are very rich or
1. One's choice of a particular hotel is made mainly according to _____.
A. how much one is willing to pay for a night
B. whether one is travelling on business or for pleasure
C. whether the hotel is in the central part of a city
D. how good the services of the hotel are
2. If the president of a certain country comes, he will _____.
A. live in a new hotel with a suite
B. stay in a single room of a hotel
C. stay in a double room of a hotel
D. stay in a suite of a modern hotel
3. If a peon stays in a modern hotel with latest comforts for a night, _____.
A. he will become poor
B. he has to pay a lot of money
C. he has to spend all the money he has in the bank
D. he has to pay some money
4. The title of the article is probably _____.
A. Rooms of a Hotel
B. Cost of a Hotel
D. People Staying in Hotels
| The centerpiece of curling (冰壶) is the curling stone, which |
has been called a "geometrical masterpiece of tooled geology (地
质)." Kays of Scotland has been making curling stones since 1851,
when William Kay and his sons Andrew and Thomas set up a
workshop in Mauchline, Ayrshire, in southwest Scotland. Kays is
still owned by the relatives of the founder, and today it is the only
curling stone maker left in Scotland.
Used in a highly competitive sport, the curling stones are made
to exact standards. First, stones are sliced and then into round
"cheeses". Finally, the cheeses are shaped and polished into curling
stones in a series of precise steps.
Each stone must weigh 44 pounds. Each must have a maximum diameter (直径) of 36 inches. Polishing is
done by hand on a wheel using water, diamond-talcum power, and felt. Fihing tne stone's "running edge" is
done entirely by hand with a special kind of paper and a digital measure and magnifying glass (放大镜). Lastly,
a handle is fitted into holes on the top of the stone. Stones are computer-matched into pai. Sixteen stones-8
pai-are needed for a game, and since curling game field usually have 6 lanes, each game field needs 96 matched
Kays is a small firm, employing fewer than ten skilled worke. Master craftsman and co- owner James
Wyllie is skilled at all phases of curling stone making and is also an enthusiastic curler, as well as active member
of Mauchline's Bur Club, which meets regularly to honor well-known Mauchline residents.
1. What is true about Kays?
A. It is a family business.
B. It's a brand of curling stones.
C. It's a place in Scotland.
D. It's the name of a curling stone dealer.
2. How many curling stones are needed for two games happening at the same time?
3. Which of the following shows the right process of making a curling stone?
C. Cutting- running-edging-computer-matching
D. Cutting-measuring-shaping- polishing
The Spring Festival is the Chinese New Year’s Day. It usually comes in February. Sometimes it comes in January. Everyone in China likes it very much.
When it comes, Zhou Hua helps her mother clean their house, put up (张贴) the new pictures and do
some other housewor
k. On that day, everybody in China often eats jiaozi (饺子) and New Year’s cake.
They can also enjoy some other delicious food. Zhou Hua likes New Year’s cake very much. But her
brother, Zhou Kun likes jiaozi better. They eat New Year’s cake and jiaozi in their house. How happy
1.The Spring Festival usually comes in ________.
2.________ helps Mum do some housework.
A. Zhou Hua
C. Zhou Kun
D. Zhou Hua and Zhou Kun
3.People often eat ________ on that day.
C. New Year’s cake
D. B and C
4.They often put up ________ during the Spring Festival.
A. beautiful coats
B. the old pictures
C. some photos
D. the new pictures
5.Zhou Kun likes ________ better.
A. New Year’s cake
Chinese students usually spend ______ the students of the US studying in their free time.
|A．twice as many hours as||B．as twice many hours as|
|C．twice hours as many as||D．as many as twice hours|
Children pushed in buggies which face away from their parents may suffer longterm emotional and
language problems, according to a study published on Friday.
The research, believed to be the fit of its kind, found that children who were not facing the peon
pushing them were less likely to talk, laugh and interact with their parents.
The findings were based on a study of 2,722 parents and babies and an experiment where 20 babies
were wheeled in buggies for a mile, facing their parents for half the journey and facing away for the other
half. Parents using facetoface buggies were twice as likely to talk to their children while the babies' heart
rates fell and they were twice as likely to fall asleep, an indication that they were feeling relaxed and safe.
In addition, only one baby out of the 20 studied laughed while sitting in an awayfacing buggy.
"Our data suggests that for many babies today, life in a buggy is emotionally impoverished and
possibly stressful. Stressed babies grow into anxious adults, " said Dr Suzanne Zeedyk, Developmental
Psychologist at Scotland's Dundee Univeity who carried out the research.
The study, which was published by National Literacy Trust as part of its "Talk To Your Baby"
campaign, found that 62 percent of all children observed travelled in awayfacing buggies.
Zeedyk said it would impact negatively on babies' development if they spent a long time in awayfacing
buggies, which would undermine their ability to communicate with their parent at a time when their brain
was developing rapidly.
Laura Barbour of the Sutton Trust, a social mobility charity which funded the research, said buggy
manufacture should look closely at the findings.
1. Using awayfacing buggies may________.
A. benefit both the babies and their parents
B. affect babies' language ability permanently
C. help babies communicate with their parents
D. have positive effect on babies' development
2. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A. Parents may talk twice with the babies in awayfacing buggies.
B. The study suggests children feel relaxed and safe in buggies.
C. The samples of the study were 20 babies wheeled in buggies.
D. One of the 20 babies was twice as likely to fall asleep in buggies.
3. The underlined word "impoverished" in Paragraph 5 is closest in meaning to "________".
4. National Literacy Trust________.
A. has been funding the research for a long time
B. is a social mobility charity funding the research
C. carried out the study of babies pushed in buggies
D. started the campaign named "Talk To Your Baby"
5. Which of the following would be the best title for the text?
A. Best for Kids to Face Parents in Buggy
B. Best for Kids to Communicate with Parents
C. Stressed Babies Grow into Anxious Adults
D. Buggy Manufacture Care about the Finding
In communication, a smile is usually ______ strong sign of a friendly and ______ open attitude.
|A．the, /||B．a, an||C．a, / ||D．the, an|
Halloween falls on October 31st. It is one of the most favourite holidays for children in the USA.
People dress up in costumes like a witch, a ghost or a skeleton (骷髅). The children go to houses to
say "Trick or treat!" Long ago, if a child was not good, he or she would get a trick like having a stone
in his or her bag itead of some candy. Nowadays(如今), no one gets tricks. All the children receive
lots of candy. Parties are also popular in the evening. People go to parties in costumes and play different
games. People also like listening to ghost stories and watching scary movies.
1. Halloween usually happe on __________.
2. It is one of the most favourite holidays for children in the __________.
3. The children go to houses to say __________ to get some candy.
4. Nowadays, all the children __________ lots of candy.
5. The best title of this passage is __________.
— What ____________ you usually ____________ on Sundays?
— I usually watch TV at home, but last Sunday I ____________ to the park with my friends.（ ）
A. did; do; goes
B. do; does; went
C. do; do; went
D. did; do; go