On April twenty-second, some American children stayed out of school but they were not punished. They were with their parents. As Faith Lapidus tells us, it was Take Our Daughte and So to Work Day.
The Ms. Foundation for Women started the program seventeen yea ago, in 1993. At fit it was just called Take Our Daughte to Work. Gloria Steinem and other foundation leade pointed to studies showing that self-image suffe as girls become teenage. They can lose trust in their abilities and intelligence, especially in areas like science, math and technology. So the Ms. Foundation planned a day for parents in New York City to show girls all the possibilities for them in the professional world. But there was so much interest, the organize decided to make it national.
At fit, girls mostly followed their mom or dad around at work to learn about their jobs. Later, employe and schools began to offer organized activities. But from the beginning there were protests(反对) from parents and othe about the exception of boys. So in 2003 the day was renamed Take Our Daughte and So to Work.
2007 was the last year that the Ms. Foundation for Women headed the program. Now, the event is run by a twelve-peon group called the Take Our Daughte and So to Work Foundation.
The event is connected with Mattel, the company that makes Barbie dolls.
Carolyn McKecuen is president of the foundation. She says a total of about thirty-three million children and adults are involved in the program. About one-third of the adults work at large companies or nonprofit organizatio. Another third are in small businesses. The rest work in education.
Carolyn McKecuen says the numbe from this year's event are not final yet. But early reports suggest that participation was up at least ten percent from last year. And she says the foundation is hoping to find support to expand the program internationally. She says there are lots of requests from other countries for information about how to set up similar programs.
小题1:It was called Take Our Daughte to Work at fit because ______.
|A．girls are considered to be clever than boys|
|B．girls are considered to be more foolish than boys |
|C．girls aren’t confident in some areas as they becomes older|
|D．girls don’t want to learn some science subjects|
小题2:Why was the day renamed as Take Our Daughters and Sons to Work Day later?
|A．Because some parents were against only girls’ having the chance. |
|B．Because some parents wouldn’t like to take their daughters to work.|
|C．Because some employers were against parents’ taking their children to work.|
|D．Because some schools didn’t want to give any students’ time to leave school.|
小题3:How many years did the Ms. Foundation for Women head the program?
小题4:From this passage we can learn ______.
|A．April twenty-second is a day for some American children to stay out of school for punishment|
|B．the Take Our Daughters and Sons to Work Day is a national in America |
|C．Mattel is the president of the foundation whose company makes Barbie dolls|
|D．Lots of other countries want to set up similar programs for parents and children|
小题5:The last paragraph shows that ______.
|A．the program becomes more and more welcome |
|B．the program will come an end without international support |
|C．the program has been copied by many other countries |
|D．Carolyn McKecuen wants more and more children to take part in the program|
Audrey is a Chinese-American student. She has found many value differences between Chinese and America.
America would like to spend more than they have, so many of them are always in debt(欠债). Chinese usually spend less than they have, so many of them have money left in the bank.
American kids love to make money by themselves. Chinese kids always ask their parents for money.
American parents think it is not useful to send their children to an expeive univeity. Chinese parents would do anything to send their children to a good univeity and that might make them very poor sometimes.
Many American girls take part in sports, dancing and singing groups while Chinese girls take part in academic
Some American students think that “B” is a gift while Chinese students think that “B” is terrible.
American parents and Chinese parents
American parents allow their daughte or so to go out to have some part-time jobs in their free time or at the weekends. Chinese parents usually don’t allow their children to do so in middle or high schools.
小题1:What would a Chinese middle school student probably NOT do at the weekends according to the passage?
|A．Study at home||B．Do part-time jobs|
|C．Take part in sports groups||D．Do chores|
小题2:Some Chinese people have money left in the bank because _______.
|A．they usually spend less than they have|
|B．they spend more than they have|
|C．they don’t like spend money at all|
|D．they make a lot of money|
小题3:Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?
|A．Chinese parents usually give their kids money.|
|B．American children love to make money by themselves.|
|C．The reason why Chinese parents would do anything to send their children to good universities.|
|D．Americans usually spend more money than they have.|
小题4:The underlined word “academic” probably means _________ in Chinese.
小题5:The best title for the passage would probably be _______.
|A．Differences between Chinese and Americans.|
|B．Chinese students and Americans|
|C．Chinese parents and American parents.|
|D．Chinese values and American values|
There is nothing else but economy that occupies the minds of America at present times of economic
crisis (经济危机). The statistics on unemployment, housing costs and coumer confidence keep coming
and coming, leaving people not just scared to spend money but also very stressed and emotionally
exhausted.This stress (压力) has an effect on everything, starting with our sleep, moods, physical health,
relatiohips and eating habits.
"Time of economic stress leads to increase rates of depression (忧郁)," says Dr Christopher Palmer,
director of continuing education at McLean Hospital in Belmont, Massachusetts. "It woe illness in
people who have been cotantly depressed. But it also causes new cases of depression. Just the fear of
losing one's job can put people over the edge."
And, without any doubt, just depression alone can create a variety of bad health effects.
33 percent of America reported that they have lost sleep due to the economic crisis.
26 percent say they are sleeping less than 6 hou per night, which is coidered to be at least one
hour less than the most favorable 7 to 8 hou recommended by sleep experts.
● Mental health, stress and heart attack
80 percent of America reported that last year the economy is a huge source of stress; 49 percent
said the situation make them feel nervous or anxious; 48 percent reported that they feel very sad and have developed depression.
Nearly twice the risk of heart attack or death was found in patients with the highest levels of depression or anxiety. Among those individuals, a 10 percent higher rise of heart attack or death was found in those
whose anxiety rose over time.
The chances of violent (暴力的) behavior are nearly 6 times higher for individuals who are left without a job.
Workplace stress can lead to domestic violence.
1. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A. Now America don't dare to spend money.
B. Now all America have problems in sleeping.
C. Economy is the most troubling problem for America now.
D. Economic crisis has destroyed many American families.
2. How does the economic crisis affect most America according to the passage?
A. They sleep less than six hou.
B. They sleep less than the proper amount.
C. Diseases caused by economy make them sleepless.
D. They lose sleep at night.
3. If a peon is out of work, he might________.
A. become more violent
B. get divorced (离婚)
C. get rid of workplace stress
D. go mad
4. The best title of this passage is probably "________".
A. The World Economic Crisis is Getting Woe
B. Economic Crisis Affects America' Health
C. Economic Crisis Causes Trouble to Sleep
D. Ordinary People Suffer Greatly in Economic Crisis
An American went to a small town in South America for his holidays. Few people went there because it
was far away from cities. One day he fell ill and wanted very much to see a doctor.
The American went to find out how he could find a fine doctor there. A man told him."That's very easy. If
there's a patient that a doctor can't cure (治愈), the doctor has to put a balloon (气球) over his clinic (诊
The American thought, "If there are fewer balloo,the doctor will be better." He began to look for the best
doctor along the street. Fit he found a clinic wim 20 balloo. after a few minutes he found another one with
30 balloo. He thought they weren't the best.
At last he found the third clinic. Only 5 balloo were there. He was very happy and went in. "Wait a
minute,"said the doctor." I'm too busy,you know. This clinic opened yesterday." The American was very
surprised and said to himself,"Where can I find the best doctor?".
1. Few people went to the small town for their holidays because____
A. it was too small
B. it was dangerous there
C. the service there was bad
2. The American wanted to find a clinic______.
A. because he didn't feel well
B. to see if there were balloo over it
C. to find out how a doctor worked there
3. There were_____ balloo over the second clinic than the fit one.
4. The doctor in the third clinic was_____.
A. just the one the American wanted
B. the best
C. better than the fit one
5. How long was the third clinic open?
A. For a week
B. For two days.
C. For a year
A recent study, which was published in last week’s Journal of the American Medical Association, offe a picture of how dangerous it is to get a lift from a teenage driver. Indeed, a 16-year-old driver with three or more passenge has three times the possibility of a serious accident, compared with a teenager driving alone.
The autho also found that the death rates for teenage drive increased greatly after 10 p.m., and especially after midnight. With passenge in the car, the driver was even more likely to die in a late-night accident.
Robert Foss, a scientist at the Univeity of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, says the higher death rates for teenage drive have less to do with “really stupid behavior” than with just a lack of driving experience. “The basic issue is that adults who are respoible for giving out licees fail to recognize how complex and skilled driving is.” he says.
Both he and the author of the study believe that the way to mitigate (使缓解) the problem is to have states set up so-called graduated liceing systems, in which getting a licee is a process with several stages. A graduated licee requires that a teenager fit prove himself able to drive in the presence(在场)of an adult, followed by a period of driving with night of passenger restrictio (限制) before graduating to full driving rights.
Graduated liceing systems have reduced teenage driver crashes, according to recent studies.
小题1:Which of the following situatio is most dangerous according to the passage?
|A．Adults giving a lift to teenagers on the highway after 10 p.m.|
|B．Adults driving with three or more teenage passengers late at night.|
|C．A teenager driving after midnight with passengers in the car.|
|D．A teenager getting a lift from a stranger on the highway at midnight.|
小题2:According to Robert Foss, the high death rate of teenage drivers is mainly due to _______.
|A．their frequent driving at night ||B．their lack of driving experience|
|C．their wrong way of driving ||D．their driving with passengers|
小题3:According to Paragraph 3, which of the following statements is TRUE?
|A．Teenagers should spend more time learning to drive.|
|B．Driving is a skill too complex for teenagers to learn. |
|C．Restrictions should be forced on teenagers demanding to take driving licenses. |
|D．The licensing department is partly responsible for teenagers’ driving accidents.|
小题4:A suggested measure to be taken to reduce teenagers’ driving accidents is that ______.
|A．driving in the presence of an adult should be made a rule|
|B．they should be forbidden to take on passengers|
|C．they should not be allowed to drive after 10 pm|
|D．the licensing system should be improved|
Young people can have problems with their minds. Some student becomes worried because they have to
study very hard. Othe have trouble getting on well with people like their parents and classmates.
Liu Wei, a junior 2 student from Hefei, could not undetand his teacher and was doing badly in his lesso.
He became so worried about it that he started to cut his finger with a knife.
Another student, 14-year-old Yang Fang from Guangzhou, was afraid of exams. She got very worried in
one, and when she looked at the exam paper, she couldn't think of anything to write.
A recent report from Jiefang Daily says about 18% of Shanghai teenage have mental problems. Their
troubles include being worried and very unhappy, and having problems in learning and getting on with people.
Many students who gave problems won't go for advice or help. Some think they will look stupid if they go to
see a doctor. Othe don't want to talk about their secrets.
Liang Yuezhu, an expert on teenage from Beijing Anding Hospital has the following advice for teenage:
Talk to your parents or teache often.
Take part in group activities and play sports.
Go to see a doctor if you feel unhappy or unwell.
1. The students who often become worried or have trouble getting on with othe may have _____. （ ）
A. mental problems
B. a headache
C. knife with them
D. no parents
2. Liu Wei cut his finger with a knife because _____. （ ）
A. he was afraid of his teacher
B. he wanted to frighten his parents
C. he was so worried about his studies
D. his finger was badly hurt
3. Yang Fang's problem happened when _____. （ ）
A. she studied very hard
B. she had exams
C. she talked with her parents
D. she thought of something
4. Students who have problems won't ask othe for help because _____. （ ）A. they won't let othe think they are stupid
B. they don't think docto can help them
C. they think the problems are not serious
D. they have no secrets about othe5. Liang Yuezhu's advice tell us that _____. （ ）A. it's unnecessary for them to be with othe
B. only group activities and sports can help them
C. teache and parents can't do anything about mental problems
D. it's better for the students who have mental problems to join othe.
In America, when people say“man's best friend”, they don't mean another peon. Itead, they are talking about a lovely animal—a dog! These words show the friendship(友谊) between people and animals. Dogs and other pets can give joy to people's lives. Some people think of their pets as their children. Some people even leave all their money to their pets when they die!
Animals can help people, too. Dogs can be taught to be the“eyes”for a blind peon (盲人) or“ea”for a deaf(耳聋) peon. Scientists have found that pets help people live longer! They make people happier, too. Because of that, they bring animals into hospitals for“visits”.
America hold“Be Kind to Animals Week”in the fit week of May. Pet shows are held during the week. Even if you don't live in America, you, too, can do this. How? Fit think about how animals make your life richer. If you have a pet, take more time this week to play with it. Remember to give it delicious food.
If you don't have a pet, be kind to animals around you. For example, if you see a street dog, just leave it alone, or make friends with it. If othe around you do bad things to animals, try to speak up. As people, we must protect(保护) animals who can't speak for themselves.
小题1:“Some people even leave all their money to their pets when they die!”is used to prove(证明) that
|A．pets have the right(权利) to inherit(继承) money|
|B．money can make pets happy|
|C．it's the best way to spend money|
|D．some pets are as important to their owners as their children|
小题2:According(依照) to the passage, scientists bring the dogs to hospital because
|A．they are ill and they need to see the doctor|
|B．they can make the patients(病人) happier|
|C．they can help the doctor find out the problems|
|D．the doctors can do experiment(试验) on them|
小题3:During the“Be Kind to Animals Week”, the people in America
|A．hold pet shows|
|B．play with the pets the whole week|
|C．cook delicious food for pets|
|D．make friends with other people's pets|
小题4:Which of the following statements(陈述) is NOT true?
|A．Dogs can help people in many ways.|
|B．Dogs can help people live happier.|
|C．Dogs can help people make everything|
|D．Dogs can make people's lives richer.|
小题5:What is the main idea of the passage?
|A．A lot of people are interested in dogs.|
|B．Dogs can help people do many things.|
|C．Pets are lovely and need care and protection(保护).|
|D．We have done a lot of things for pets.|
1. Where is Wendy from?
2. Who does Wendy send the cards to?
A. Her parents.
B. Her friends.
C. Her grandparents.
3. Who buys a Christmas tree?
A. Wendy's mother.
B. Wendy's father.
4. Who puts lights and balls in the tree?
A. Only Wendy.
B. Only Wendy's sister.
C. Wendy and her sister.
5. When do they open their grandparents' presents?
A. After some days.
B. On Christmas morning.
C. On Christmas evening.
I have two pen friends. One is American, and ______ is from Canada.（ ）
C. the other
D. the othe
2.______nice, the music in this film became popular soon after the film come about.
|A．Being sounded||B．Sounding||C．Sounded||D．To be sounded|
Scientific experiments can sometimes go wrong and when they do the results may range from the disastrous to the troubling. One such experiment took place in South America about fifty yea ago. Whether its final coequences will cause serious damage or nothing more than a small trouble still remai to be seen.
The story began in 1956 when an American scientist working in Brazil decided to solve the problem of increasing the productivity of that country’s bees. He imported a very active type of African bee from Tanzania and mated (交配)it with the more easy-going native variety to produce a new kind of bees. The new bees worked harder and produced twice as much honey. It seemed that Professor Kerr, for that was the scientist's name, had a total success on his hands.
Then things began to go wrong. For some reason as yet ueen, but perhaps as a result of something in their environment, the new bees began to develop extremely attacking peonalities. They became bad-tempered and easy to be angry, attacked the native bees and drove them from their living places.
But woe was to follow. Having taken over the countryside, the new bees, with their dangerous stings (叮) , began to attack its neighbo -- cats, dogs, hoes, chicke and finally man himself. A long period of terror began that has so far killed a great number of animals and about 150 human beings.
This would have been bad enough if the bees had stayed in Brazil. But now they are on the move, heading northwards in countless millio towards Central and North America, and moving at the alarming speed of 200 miles a year. The countries that lie in their path are naturally worried because it looks as if nothing can be done to stop them.
小题1: The results of the South American experiment
|A．are not yet certain||B．have proved to be wrong|
|C．have caused a serious trouble||D．are not important|
小题2: The experiment mentioned in this passage was designed to
|A．make African bees less active|
|B．make Brazilian bees more easy-going|
|C．increase the number of bees in Brazil|
|D．increase the amount of honey in Brazil|
小题3: Which of the following may be the cause of the new bees' attacking personalities?
|A．Their production of honey.||B．Their living environment.|
|C．Their hard work.||D．Their bad temper.|
小题4: The last paragraph implies that
|A．the bees have been driven to Central and North America|
|B．the bees must be stopped from moving north|
|C．the bees may bring about trouble in more countries|
|D．the bees prefer to live in Brazil|
_____ boy under the tree is an American.
I am an American student. My name is Vicky King. I have a big family. I have two brothe. They and I are in the same school. My grandma and grandpa live with us. They are my father's parents.
My father is from England, but my mother's hometown is at the foot of the Great Wall of China. My
brothe and I were all born in New York. Because my father works in a school in New York. He teaches English.
People often ask us, "What do you like eating?" It is not easy to awer this question! Well, let me tell you.
My grandpa has been to India, so he likes Indian food. My father likes hot dogs, potato chips and
hamburge. My mother likes rice, noodles and dumplings. She often does very nice Chinese food for us. So my brothe and I like Chinese food a lot but English food a little. We don't like Indian food at all.
1. This is a family of_________
2. Her grandfather is __________.
A. from England
B. from China
C. from India
D. from America
3. Her father is a ________
4. Her mother likes Chinese food because she_________.
A. has been to China
B. is from China
C. can do Chinese food
D. knows her children like it
In 1933 an unknown American called Clarence Nash went to see the film-maker Walt Disney. He had an
unusual voice and he wanted to work in Disney's cartoon films (动画片) for children. When Walt Disney
heard Nash's voice, he said,"Stop! That's our duck!"
The duck was the new famous Donald Duck, who fit appeared (出现) in the film. The wise little duck
Donald lived in a old houseboat and wore his sailor (海员) jacket and hat. Later that year he became a star
after an eight minute Mickey Mouse film. The cinema audience (观众) liked him because he was lazy and
greedy (贪婪), and because he lost his temper (脾气)very quickly. And they loved his voice, when he became
angry with Mickey's eight nephews (侄儿). Soon Donald was more popular than Mickey Mouse himself,
probably because he wasn't goody-goody like Mickey.
In the 1930s, 1940s and 1950s Donald and his friends Mickey, Coody and Pluto made hundreds of Disney
cartoo. He also made educational (教育的) films about the place of the USA in the world, and safely in the
home. Then in 1966 Donald Duck and his voice disappeared (消失)… there were no more new cartoo.
Clarence Nash died in February, 1985. But today's children can still see the old cartoo on television and
hear that famous voice.
1. Who made Donald Duck films?
A. Mickey Mouse
B. Clarence Nash
C. Walt Disney
D. Donald Duck
2. What did the Donald Duck film begin?
A. In 1933.
B. In 1934
C. In 1966
D. In 1985
3. Who was Clarence?
A. A cartoonist in American.
B. A famous duck in the world.
C. A peon who produced films.
D. The man who gave Donald Duck's voice.
4. Why did Walt Disney choose Clarence Nash? Because_______.
A. he was famous
B. he was a film-maker
C. he went to see Walt Disney
D. he had a strange voice
5. Where do today's children see Donald duck?
A. In new films
B. At the cinema
C. On television
D. In USA
As a professor at a large American univeity,there is a phrase that I hear often from students:“I’m only a 1050.”The unlucky students are speaking of the score on the Scholastic Aptitude Test(SAT),which is used to determine whether they will be admitted to the college or univeity of their choice,or even if they have a chance to get a higher education at all.The SAT score,whether it is 800,1100 or 1550,has become the focus at this time of their life.
It is obvious that if students value highly their test scores,then a great amount of their self-respect is put in the number.Students who perform poorly on the exam are left feeling that it is all over.The low test score,they think,will make it impossible for them to get into a good college.And without a degree from a prestigious univeity
,they fear that many of life’s doo will remain forever closed.
According to a study done in the 1990s,the SAT is only a reliable indicator of a student’s future performance in most cases.Interestingly,it becomes much more accurate when it is set together with other indicato-like a student’s high school grades.Even if standardized tests like the SAT could show a student’s academic proficiency(学业水平)，they will never be able to test things like confidence,efforts and willpower,and are unable to give us the full picture of a student’s potentialities(潜力).This is not to suggest that we should stop using SAT scores in our college admission process.The SAT is an excellent test in many ways,and the score is still a useful mea of testing students.However,it should be only one of many methods used.
小题1:The purpose of the SAT is to test students’
|D．confidence in school work|
小题2:Students’ self-respect is influenced by their
|A．scores in the SAT|
|B．achievements in mathematics|
|D．money spent on education|
小题3:“A prestigious university” is most probably
|A．a famous university|
|B．a technical university|
|C．a traditional university|
|D．an expensive university|
小题4:This passage is mainly about
|A．how to prepare for the SAT|
|B．stress caused by the SAT|
|C．American higher education|
|D．the SAT and its effects|
There are some warnings in some countries ______ over exploitation of underground water has caused the decline of wetland and increase of desertification.
Do you know there are two kinds of football games? One is American football, the other is soccer. In China many young men like playing soccer. It is very popular in China. But the Chinese don't call it soccer. They call it football. There are eleven playe in a team. And the ball is round. Only the goal-keeper ( 守门员 ) can play the ball with hands. The other playe must play the ball with feet.
In America soccer is not very popular. I like playing American football more than playing soccer. There are also eleven playe in a team. The ball is not round. All the playe play the ball with hands and feet. American football is quite different from soccer.
1. The Chinese call soccer .
2. There are playe in a team of soccer and also in a team of American football.
3. In USA, people play football with hands and _____.
4. Only the can play football hands in England.
5. American football is from soccer.